The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC or Commission) is the federal agency responsible for enforcing federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability, or genetic information. The agency began its work in 1965. More than 40 years later, the public continues to rely on the Commission to carry out its responsibility to bring justice and equal opportunity to the workplace.
Through its administrative enforcement process, the Commission receives, investigates, and resolves charges of employment discrimination filed against private sector employers, employment agencies, labor unions, and state and local governments, including charges ofsystemic discrimination. Where the Commission does not resolve these charges through conciliation or other informal methods, the Commission may also engage in litigation against private sector employers, employment agencies and labor unions (and against state and local governments in cases alleging age discrimination or equal pay violations).
The EEOC also leads and coordinates equal employment opportunity efforts across the Federal government and conducts administrative hearings and issues appellate decisions on complaints of discrimination filed by federal employees and applicants for federal employment.
Read about the federal laws enforced by the EEOC.
Find our current regulations, read and comment on proposed regulations, and see our regulatory agenda.
EEOC Policy Guidance
EEOC Compliance Manual, Enforcement Guidances and related documents
Informal Discussion Letters
Although they do not represent Commission policy or legal opinions, these letters from the EEOC’s Office of Legal Counsel offer technical assistance in response to questions from the public on how the EEO laws may apply in particular fact situations.
Workplace Laws Not Enforced by the EEOC
Federal laws prohibiting discrimination or regulating workplace issues that are not enforced by the EEOC.
Discrimination by Type
Laws, regulations and policy guidance, and also fact sheets, Q&As, best practices, and other information organized by basis of discrimination.